Diagrams and Models

B_1_1Allen, S. 2000. Practice: architecture, technique and representation. New York and London: Routledge.






Alexander, C. 1964. Notes on the Synthesis of Form. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.





Ayres, P. (ed) 2012. Persistent Modelling, Extending the Role of Architectural Representation. London: Routledge.


van Berkel, B. and Bos, C. 1998. Interactive Instruments in Operation. In: B. van Berkel, and C. Boss, eds. Diagram Work. ANY, No 23. New York: Anyone Corporation. pp.19-23.

Kwinter, S. 1998. The Genealogy of Models: The Hammer and the Song. ANY, Number 23. New York: Anyone Corporation. pp.23 -26.



Deleuze, G., 1994. Difference and Repetition (1968). Translated from French by P. Patton., 1994. New York: Columbia Press.






Deleuze, G. and Guattari, F. 1988. Thousand Plateaus (1980). Translated from French by B. Massumi., 1988. London: The Athlone Press.




Ednie-Brown, P. 2008. Plastic Super Models. In: A. Murphie and G. Genosko eds. Models, Metamodels and Contemporary Media, Fibreculture Journal, Issue 12. (online) Available at <>(Accessed 14 February 2013).


Goodman, N. 1968. Languages of Art: An Approach to a Theory of Symbols. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.





B_1_8Somol, R. 1999. Diagrammatic Basis of Contemporary Architecture. In: P. Eisenman, ed. 1999. Diagram Diaries. Thames and Hudson. pp.6-25.




Varene F. and Phan, D. 2010. Agent-Based Models and Simulations in Economics and Social Sciences: from conceptual exploration to distinct ways of experimenting. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation JASSS, Number 13(1) 5. (online) Available at: < > (Accessed 13 February 2013).


Historic Foundation

B_2_1Banham, R. 1976. Megastructure: urban futures of the recent past. New York: Harper and Row.





B_2_2Banham, R. 1960. Theory and Design in the First Machine Age. London: Architectural Press.











Kipnis, J. 1993. Towards New Architecture. In: G. Lynn, ed. Folding in Architecture 1993. Architectural Design No 102. London: Academy Press. pp.40-49.

Kurokawa, K. 1977. Metabolism in architecture. London: Studio Vista.

B_2_4Lüchinger, A. 1981. Structuralism architecture and urban planning. Stuttgart: Karl Kramer.





B_2_5Lynn, G. 1998. Folds, Bodies and Blobs: collected essays. Bruxelles: La Lettre vole, Books-by-Architects.





B_2_6Ross, F. 1978. Beyond metabolism: The new Japanese architecture. New York: Architectural record books.





Price, C. 1984. Cedric Price. London: Architectural Association.

B_2_7Sadler S. 2005. Archigram Architecture without Architecture. MIT Pres






(post)Digital Change

B_3_1Lynn, G. 1999. Animate Form. New York:  Princeton Architectural Press.





B_3_2Kolarević, B. 2003. Architecture in the Digital Age: Design and Manufacturing. London and New York: Spon Press (Taylor and Francis).




Kolarević, B. 2008. Post-Digital Architecture: Toward integrative design. In: Critical Design: What Maters(s)? Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Graduate School of Design, pp.149-57.

Schumacher, P. 2008. Parametricism as Style – Parametricist Manifesto. (online) Available at: < > (Accessed 13 February 2013).


Architectural matter

B_4_1Barthel, R. 2005. Natural Forms: Architectural Forms. In: W. Nerdinger ed. Frei Otto Complete Works. Basel: Birkhauser. pp.17-30.




DeLanda, M. 1995. Uniformity and Variability: An Essay in the Philosophy of Matter. Doors of Perception: On Matter. November 07- 11.1995. Amsterdam: Netherlands Design Institute.

DeLanda, M. 2000.  Deleuze and the Use of the Genetic Algorithm in Architecture. (online) Available at: < > (Accessed 14 February 2013).

B_4_2Hensel, M., Menges, A. and Weinstock, M. eds 2004.  Emergence: Morphogenetic Design. Architectural Design Volume 74 (3). London: Wiley Academy





Otto, F. and Rasch, B. 1996. Finding Form: Towards an Architecture of the Minimal. Stuttgart: Edition Axel Menges.




Reiser, J.2000. The New Fineness. Assemblage, No. 41. p. 65


Towards a Biological Paradigm

B_5_1Freiser, J. 1995. An Evolutionary Architecture. London: Architectural Association Publications.






Hensel, M., Menges, A. and Weinstock, M. 2010. Emergent Technologies and Design – Towards a biological Paradigm for Architecture. London: Routledge.




B_5_8Hensel, M. 2010. Performance-oriented Architecture – Towards a Biological Paradigm for Architectural Design and the Built Environment. FORMAkademisk Volume 3 (1). pp.36-56.




B_5_3Kolarević, B. and Malkawi A. 2005. Performative Architecture: Beyond Instrumentality. London and New York: Spon Press (Taylor and Francis).




Meissner, I. 2005. In harmony with nature and technology: On Frei Otto’s architecture and work method. In W. Nerdinger ed. Frei Otto Complete Works. Basel: Birkhauser. pp.17-30.

B_5_4Negroponte, N. 1970. The Architecture Machine: Toward a More Human Environment. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.




B_5_5Negroponte, N. 1975. The Soft Architecture Machines. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.





Steadman, J. P. 1979. The Evolution of Designs – Biological Analogy in Architecture and the Applied Arts. Cambridge University Press.

Steadman, J. P. 1983. Architectural morphology, an introduction to the geometry of building plans. London: Pion.

B_5_6Weinstock, M. 2010. The Architecture of Emergence: the Evolution of Form in Nature and Civilization. London: Wiley Academy.




B_5_7Wiener, N. 1961. Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine (1948). Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.




Systemic understanding of the built environment

B_6_1Allen, S. 1997. From Object to Field. In: P. Davidson and D. Bates, eds. AD Profile 127, Architecture after geometry. Architectural Design Volume 67 (5/6). London: Academy Press. pp.24-31.




B_6_2Cilliers P. 1998. Complexity and postmodernism: Understanding complex systems. London and New York: Routledge.




Holland, J. H. 2006. Studying Complex Adaptive Systems. Journal of Systems Science and Complexity, 2006, 19(1).  pp1-8.

Holland, J. H. 2006. Studying Complex Adaptive Systems. Journal of Systems Science and Complexity, 2006, 19(1).  pp1-8.

Isozaki, A. 1975. Easing Architecture into the System. Translated from Japanese by A. Birnbaum. In: H.U. Olbrist ed. 1975. RE:CP. Basel: Birkhauser

Kwinter, S. 1996. Soft Systems. In B. Boigon, ed. Culture Lab No1.  New York: Princeton Architectural Press. pp.207-208. (online) Available at: < >

March, L. and Steadman, J. P. 1971. The Geometry of Environment: an Introduction to Spatial Organization in Design. Cambridge, Massachusetts : MIT Press.

B_6_3Varela, F. J. and Maturana, H. R. 1980. Autopoiesis and Cognition. The Realization of the Living. Dordrecht: Reidel.




B_6_4Wigley, M. 2001. Network Fever. Grey Room  No4, MIT Press Journal. pp.82–122.







B_7_1Jones, O. 2001. Grammar of the Ornament (1856), London: Herbert Press.





B_7_2Mitchell, W. J.  1990. The Logic of Architecture: Design, Computation, and Cognition. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.




B_7_3Terzidis, K. 2006. Algorithmic ArchitectureOxford: Architectural Press an imprint of Elsevier.




B_7_4Carpo, M. 2011. The Alphabet and the Algorithm. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.





Reynolds C. W. 1987. Flocks, herds and schools: A distributed behavioral model. Computer Graphics 21(4). pp.25–34.




Blagoljević, Lj. and  Ćorović D. Klimatske promene i estetika savremene arhitekture.(online) Available at: <
ne%20arhitekture.pdf >

Guattari, F. The three ecologies. (online) available at: < >

B_8_2McLuhan, M. 1994. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man (1964). Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.





B_8_1Reyner, B. 1984. Architecture of Well Tempered Environment. Architectural Press.





Rahm, P. 2009. Towards a meteorological architecture. (online) available at: < Book > (Accessed 14 February 2013).



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